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Located in the northern extremity of the Matale district above 350 meters Sigiriya has a striking geological profile, being a rocky outcrop (monadnock), in the northern semi-highland zone. It is one of Sri Lanka’s ancient political capitals and most Sensational archaeological heritage site that has also been listed on the World Heritage List.
Water Fountain and the Water Management System of Sigiriya
The Water Gardens, the most striking feature of the Sigiriya city plan, occupy the central portion of the western precinct. This unique creation shows four distinct parts.
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Ancient City of Sigiriya
The ruins of the capital built by the parricidal King Kassapa I (477–95) lie on the steep slopes and at the summit of a granite peak standing some 180m high (the ‘Lion’s Rock’, which dominates the jungle from all sides). A series of galleries and staircases emerging from the mouth of a gigantic lion constructed of bricks and plaster provide access to the site.
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The Best Things to do in Sigiriya
Pidurangala is a massive rock formation located a few kilometres north of Sigiriya in Sri Lanka.
Royal Cave Temple
Visit Royal Cave Temple and learn about its architecture and history.
Jathika Namal Uyana
The Jathika Namal Uyana in Sri Lanka is the largest ironwood forest and pink quartz mountain in Asia.
“IF YOU ARE ALWAYS TRYING TO BE NORMAL, YOU WILL NEVER KNOW HOW AMAZING YOU CAN BE.” ~ MAYA ANGELOU
There have been various opinions about Sigiriya since ancient times. In order to take you, I present some of those opinions on expert, as follows.
Opinion of Mr. H.C.P. Bell
Mr Bell, the first Commissioner of Archaeology in our country, concludes that golden women should be the innermost queens of King Kasyapa. He also concludes that their maids were painted with a blue body. Since they have flowers or vases in their hands, Mr Bell concludes that they are the innermost queens of King Kasyapa, who are going to the Pidurangala temple with their maids to take flowers.
Opinion of Prof. Senarath Paranavithana
According to Mr Paranavithana, the first Sri Lankan Commissioner of Archaeology in our country, golden women are lightning. Blue women are rain clouds. He further concludes that they have illustrated how to hit the clouds.
Opinion of Mr. Ananda Coomaraswamy
Mr Ananda Coomaraswamy concludes that these female figures are apsaras descending to the top of the Sigiriya rock above the clouds. However, he has said that these could not belong to the queens of the inner city.
Opinion of Mr. Siri Gunasinghe
Mr Siri Gunasinghe has concluded that these may have been ordinary female figures as they were created by King Kasyapa simply for pleasure.
According to several other theories, this is the angel named Tara. She is a deity worshipped by Mahayana Buddhists. It is said that many Mahayana Buddhists in the world worship the goddess Tara. Others believe that she can take different forms and that she appears differently in all these images.
The problem, however, is that none of these facts has been substantiated. We are left with the hope that in some way future archaeologists will be able to find this information about Sigiriya.
These Sigiriya paintings have become one of the world’s foremost historical paintings, which can be traced back to King Kasyapa for his own pleasure or for the purpose of relieving himself of the anxiety of killing his father and thinking that his brother would come. He never thought that these paintings made for his own pleasure would be appreciated all over the world and would become world-famous. These paintings are works of art that belong not only to us but to everyone in the world. Therefore, Sigiriya has been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. What we need to do now is to properly preserve Sigiriya, to facilitate local and foreign tourists visiting Sigiriya, and to explore the parts we have explored more properly, to find answers to historical problems that have not yet been found. Then we will be able to explain the message given by King Kasyapa to future generations.
Sigiriya Top View